Diabetes & Ayurveda
Diabetes, often referred to by doctors as diabetes mellitus, describes a group of metabolic insufficiencies in which the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar) for a considerable period either because insulin production is inadequate, or because the body's cells do not respond to the available insulin adequately, or both.
Patients with high blood sugar will typically experience
A) Frequent Urination (Poly-uria)
B) Increased Thirst (Poly-Dipsia)
C) Increased Hunger (Poly-Phagia)
Diabetes in general term is referred as “Prameha” in Ayurveda. However Ayurveda further elaborates Prameha based on 3 main types and 20 Sub types.
Chronic Diabetes Mellitus can be broadly referred as Madhumeha based on the presenting symptoms and associated complications.
According to Ayurveda the following are the causes of Prameha.
• Lack of Exercise
• Sedentary lifestyle
• Excessive intake of Milk and Milk products like Paneer, Cheese , Curd etc
• Excessive intake of Meat, Fish etc
Prameha is mainly caused due to vitiation of Kapha dosha (from above reasons) leading to derangement of Pitta and Vata as well. Also increase in Kapha dosha causes increase in Kleda (Aqueous) and Meda (Fat) in our body. Due to which there is increase in frequency of urination (kleda is excreted out by urine) and obesity (Meda).
Symptoms of Diabetes:
● Blurry Vision
● Skin Infections
● Burning of palms and soles
● Increased hunger
● Excessive Thirst
● Sweet taste to mouth etc.
● Wounds that take time to heal
● Unexplained extreme fatigue
● Excessive urine formation and frequent urination
Ayurvedic line of treatment iscustom-made based on individual’s constitution and considering the Prakriti of patient with Dosha predominance. Other factors like hereditary, food habits etc. are also considered to prepare a specific line of treatment.
Usually, Type1 Diabetes patients or Insulin dependent Diabetes is advised “Bruhana”(Body building)medication and diet to increase dhatus in body. Panchakarma is not advised to such patients. Diet is also considered as a kind of medicine in Ayurveda as each food has certain qualities to affect the doshas in certain ways.
In Type 2 Diabetes, Purification of body or Shodhana is advised by Panchakarma method depending on predominance of doshas. E.g. patients with Kapha dosha are advised Vamana(emetics) and patients with Pitta dosha are advised Virechana (purgation) Panchakarma treatment and those with Vata predominace are advises Basti (Enema).
Internal medicines also play an integral part. Ayurvedic medicines not only lower down the blood glucose level but also improve our metabolism making muscles more receptive towards glucose. These medicines if taken regularly lower down the doses of Allopathic medicines to a greater extent thereby reducing side effects of those medicines.
However proper thought and in-depth analysis of the patient’s body constitution has to be analyzed before deciding upon the treatment regimen.
Dietary changes are advised according to the prakriti of the patient.
Exercises are a must for the patients of diabetes as exercising improves absorption of glucose by muscles.
External therapies like Udwartanam, Abhyangam, Pinda sweda are carried out in various complications of diabetes.
The above literature is provided for educational purposes and not for self –medication. Kindly consult the Ayurveda consultant for any additional information.