Acne is a chronic, inflammatory skin condition that causes spots and pimples, especially on the face, shoulders, back, neck, chest, and upper arms.
Whiteheads, blackheads, pimples, cysts, and nodules are all types of acne.
Your skin has tiny holes called pores which can become blocked by oil, bacteria, dead skin cells, and dirt. When this occurs, you may develop a pimple or “zit.” If your skin is repeatedly affected by this condition, you may have acne.
However there are many causes of getting acne like,
• Faulty lifestyle like late night sleeping or night shifts, excessive use of cosmetics etc
• Faulty Dietary habits like excessive intake of fatty foodstuffs like chocolates, cakes etc
• Hormonal changes
• Certain medication like steroids, birth control pills etc
Ayurveda refers acne as “Yuvanpidaka”. Yuvan means adolescents and pidaka means pustules or papules.
The primary cause is impairment of all the three doshas, predominantly the pitta and kapha dosha, which further vitiates the rakta and meda dhatus (blood and fat tissues).
According to predominance of doshas acne are classifies as Vataj, Pittaj & Kaphaj types.
Small blackish acne are of Vataj types.
Big, red swllen papules are of pittaj type.
Big, pus filled acne are of Kaphaj type.
Allopathic treatment includes anti-inflammatory medicines, vitamin A derivatives, Antibiotics and local antiseptic creams.
However ayurvedic treatment is holistic. Because acne is deep-rooted, use of local creams, antibiotics and lotions only masks the symptoms.
Ayurvedic treatment includes:
1. Detoxification or Panchakarma treatment.
Vaman or therapeutic Vomitting is induced to get rid of excessive Kapha dosha.
Virechana or therapeutic purgation (loose motions) is given to remove excessive pitta dosha from the body.
2. Internal medicines to remove rakta dushti.(blood purification).
3. Local lepa application to prevent scarring and black marks.
4. Dietary changes
5. Lifestyle changes.
All the treatments should be carried under strict medical supervision only.
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